Knowledge of cotton yarn
Cotton is the most widely used natural fiber in clothing fabrics. No matter in summer or autumn or winter clothing, cotton is used. It absorbs moisture and is soft and comfortable, which is favored by everyone.
"Cotton" variety, characteristics and performance often can not distinguish, today to teach you the difference.
Long staple cotton
First of all, we should talk about the classification of cotton. According to the origin of cotton and the length and thickness of the fiber, cotton can be divided into coarse cashmere cotton, fine cashmere cotton and long cashmere cotton. Long staple cotton is also called island cotton, planting process needs longer time and stronger illumination than fine staple cotton. It is only produced in Xinjiang region in our country, so my domestic long staple cotton is also called Xinjiang cotton.
Long staple cotton has finer fiber and longer length than fine staple cotton (the length of the fiber should be more than 33mm), with better strength and elasticity. The fabric woven with long staple cotton has smooth and delicate feel, silky touch and luster, and better moisture absorption and air permeability than ordinary cotton. Long staple cotton is often used to make high-end shirts, polos and bedding.
It is a kind of long staple cotton produced in Egypt. The quality is better than Xinjiang cotton, especially the strength and fineness. Generally, the cotton cloth with more than 150S must be added with Egyptian cotton, otherwise the cloth is easy to break.
Of course, the price of Egyptian cotton is also much more expensive. Many of the cotton labeled with Egyptian cotton on the market are not real Egyptian cotton. For example, the price of four sets of five percent Egyptian cotton is about 500, and the price of four sets of 100 percent Egyptian cotton is more than 2000 yuan.
In addition to Xinjiang cotton and Egypt cotton, there are American PIMA cotton, Indian cotton and so on.
Combed cotton yarn
It refers to the removal of short cotton fibers and impurities in the spinning process. Compared with carded cotton, combed cotton is smoother, has better wear resistance and strength, and is not easy to pilling. Combed cotton is used to make worsted garments.
High - count and combed cotton are generally corresponding, high - count cotton is often combed cotton, combed cotton is also often finer high - count cotton. Both are mainly used in the production of close clothing, bedding and other fabrics with high requirements for finish.
High count cotton yarn
It is defined by the thickness of cotton yarn. The thinner the yarn, the higher the count, the thinner the fabric, the more delicate and soft the feel, and the better the gloss. For cotton, more than 40s can be called high cotton, common have 60s, 80s, more than 100s is relatively rare.